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An Analytical Study of V/STOL Handling Qualities in Hover and Transition

Report Number: AFFDL TR 65-73
Author(s): R. L. Stapleford; J. Wolkovitch; R. E. Magdaleno; C. P. Shortwell; W. A. Johnson
Corporate Author: Systems Technology, Inc.
Laboratory: Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory
Date of Publication: 1965-10
Pages: 172
Contract: AF 33(615)-1300
Project: 8219
Task: 821909
AD Number: AD0625599

The hover analysis considers pilot attitude and position control tasks in the presence of horizontal gusts. The effects of each of the stability derivatives on the difficulty of the control tasks and on the closed-loop gust responses are determined. It is clearly shown that the handling qualities studies of control sensitivity and angular damping must consider the influences of M sub u (or L sub v) and should include gust inputs. These conclusions are substantiated by previous variable-stability-helicopter experiments. The effects of vehicle size and geometry are investigated by several approaches. The key result of increasing size is found to be a reduction in M sub u and L sub v which can, in turn, lower the requirements for control power and damping. The handling qualities during transition of two vehicles, a tilt duct and a tilt wing, which were previously tested on a simulator are analyzed. It is shown that both trim control and perturbations about the trim conditions must be considered. In fact, part of the increased difficulty in landing transitions, in comparison with takeoff transitions, is due to more difficult trim control; the much more stringent position control requirements in landing are also a contributing factor.

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