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Biomedical Effects Of Exposure Of Electromagnetic Radiation. Part I: Ultraviolet

Report Number: WADD TR 60-376
Author: Buchanan, Archibald R.
Author: Stilson, Donald W.
Author: Heim, Harold C.
Corporate Author: Physics, Engineering, Chemistry Corporation
Laboratory: Life Support Systems Laboratory
Date of Publication: 1960-05
Pages: 187
Contract: AF 33(616)-6305
Project: 7163
Task: 71823
PB Number: PB171072
AD Number: AD0244786

Literature concerning the biomedical effects of ultraviolet radiation is reviewed. Ultraviolet absorption results in mitotic alterations and abnormal cell divisions, regressive changes in the somatic structures of some lower animals, and skin and eye tumors in mammals. Damage to the eye from high intensity ultraviolet is probably limited to the cornea and, to a slight extent, the lens.

The effects elicited by ultraviolet irradiation of certain proteins, nucleotides, enzymes, hormones, and amino acids are reviewed.

Literature pertinent to the visibility and hue of ultraviolet, the effects of ultraviolet wavelengths on scotopic and photopic visual sensitivity and on the "reactivity" of the organism is surveyed.

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